ELECTRODESICCATION AND CURETTAGE (ED&C) Scraping or burning-off skin growths (also known as electrodesiccation and curettage) can be used for less serious skin cancers, pre-cancers and benign growths. A local anesthetic is injected, and then the abnormal tissue is scraped off with a special tool. The area is then cauterized until bleeding stops. This may be repeated if the growth is cancerous. The wound will need to be dressed until it heals, and it usually leaves a small white mark. Learn more about Electrodesiccation and Curettage .
Epidemiology. Findings regarding prevalence rates depend on the methodology employed, the sample under study, how PD is defined, and how men are queried with ranges from % to % within specific populations. Using a population-based methodology in a . sample aged 18 years and older, Dibenedetti (2011) reported a prevalence rate of % for men who had been formally diagnosed with PD, a rate of % for men who had been diagnosed or treated for PD, and a rate of % for men who had been diagnosed or treated or had any symptom of PD. 12 Schwarzer (2001) conducted a community-based study among men in Cologne, Germany and reported a prevalence rate of % in men aged 31-78 years. 13 Another population-based study in Italian men reported a prevalence rate of % among men aged 50-69 years. 14 Among men older than age 40 years screened for prostate cancer in the ., a prevalence of % was reported. 15 Men older than 50 years screened for prostate cancer in Southern Brazil had a prevalence rate of %. 16 Rates may be higher among men who present with comorbidities. El-Sakka (2006) reported a prevalence rate of % among men who presented with ED. 17 Arafa (2007) reported a rate of % among men who were diabetic with ED. 18 Together, this group of studies suggests that prevalence rates historically have been under-estimated. The higher rates detected in more recent studies suggest a greater awareness of the disease and its symptoms.